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Dental Problems of Dogs & Cats

cat brushing teeth on white background

Healthy gums - pink, firm and comfortable. Teeth clean - no tartar.

Keep the teeth in good order by feeding a good quality dry food, with Hill's t/d as part of the diet. (t/d cleans the teeth as the dog / cat chews on it). Encourage chewing with hide chews, Kongs and Nylabone. Regular dental checks with one of our veterinary nurses.

Early Tartar - but just a hint of tartar at gum level.This is the stage that the teeth should be de-scaled and polished i.e. before there is gum disease.
early tartar
Tartar and gingivitis - the gums are red and swollen, causing an itchy mouth (face rubbing) and some smell.
If the teeth and gums have deteriorated then extractions may be necessary.
Loads of tartar, causing gum health deterioration, an unpleasant smell and perhaps some pain. Some teeth becoming loose as pockets form between gum and root (not visible).
lots of tartar
This dog's health will be affected by infection spreading from the gums to the throat, and via the bloodstream to the chest, liver and kidneys. The mouth needs extensive descaling, extractions, dental restoration where possible and antibiotics until the gums have recovered

Dental Caries - tooth structure rots away.

The first sign is a bad smell on the breath but pain might not be noticed until the bone is infected. These teeth need to be extracted urgently.

McKenna w

These pets will not be feeling well! Multiple extractions are required and treatment of the infected bone around the diseased teeth. After dental attention they will have a new lease of life. Fortunately dogs and cats can eat well even with no teeth!

Dental Severe2
Severe tartar. Gums very inflamed and bleeding. Pus seeping from gums, awful smell. Deep pockets have formed, roots are exposed, teeth are becoming loose and falling out.
deciroot abscess
Root abscess of the left lower canine (baby tooth).
Dogs should be examined at 7 - 8months of age to check that all the baby teeth have gone. Any remaining should be removed before they cause trouble. Cats rarely have this problem.

Gum granulomas - inflammed gum growing over the teeth - very common in boxers and mastiff breeds. Before, and after treatment.

Gum granulomas

3 Monthly Dental Check-Up

To keep you pet's gums and teeth healthy early treatment is essential. Bring your pet for a check-up with the vet or nurse every 3 months (there is a small charge). Most dogs and cats need a de-scale and polish annually from the age of 3 years to keep the teeth in good order.

3 Monthly Dental Check-UpRoutine de-scaling under general anaesthetic
Page updated 24th May 2017, 12:36
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